With the long dry winters in Queensland it is usually necessary to provide supplementary feed and a round bale feeder with grassy hay is ideal for this.
They also enjoy fruit and vegetables cut up as a treat including carrots, pumpkin, watermelon and banana. We also grow White Mulberry trees which provide shade in summer and feed for winter, not only do they love the leaves but they are nutritious and grow easily in Queensland.
A fresh constant water supply is essential as Alpacas drink a lot of water, particularly in the hot weather.
Good fencing is necessary, not so much to keep the alpacas in, as they generally do not push fences but to keep others out.
Dingos and wild dogs are their biggest threat and in areas where they are known to be around secure night paddocks with high chain mesh are advisable for peace of mind. Pet dogs from the neighbourhood can also be a problem, particularly two or more. They will however get on with your own pet dog once they get used to each other. They will also graze happily with other animals such as cows, sheep and goats. Electric fencing is an option along with dog wire, but not sure how effective this is.
The number of animals you can keep per acre very much depends on the quality of the pasture, the amount of rainfall in your area and how much supplementary feed you are prepared to provide.
Shade areas are a must either from trees (make sure the shade is there all day) or if not a carport like construction that they can sit under can be used.
Although sheds are not a necessity they are certainly extremely useful. It is much easier to deal with an alpaca in the confined area of a shed, particularly with pens, when you have to drench them for worms, inject them with 5 in 1, or just to keep them dry for shows or for shearing. The Shearer's certainly appreciate it if you can provide a shed for them to shear your alpacas, out of the sun or rain.
Separate paddocks are needed if you have males that are not castrated, and having several paddocks used on a rotation basis not only stops them over grazing an area but also helps to keep the worms at bay if you can keep them out for several weeks at a time.
Alpacas will create poo piles which they all use, rather than just go anywhere and then they usually eat away from the piles, which also helps to keep them worm free.
An older wether kept in with females and young will watch out for them and usually stops anyone getting too bossy!